Amflora potato pdf
Colorado potato beetle, CPB (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say), is one of the most important pests of the potato globally. Amflora potato with an increased amylopectin content, which has been approved in March 2010. Genome editing is used worldwide in both public and private plant breeding laboratories and there is considerable uncertainty about the ability of regulatory agencies to match the rapid scientific pace being set. The potato and the starch derived from it, is intended solely for industrial purposes - such as in the paper, textile and adhesive industry. For other uses, see Spud (disambiguation), Tater (disambiguation), and Potato (disambiguation). The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial nightshade Solanum tuberosum.
The GM potato variety “Amflora” with improved tuber starch composition was approved for cultivation in 2010, but later withdrawn. Amflora potatoes, likely to become the first genetically modified crop in the last decade to be approved for growth in […] READ MORE . Amflora is a starch potato developed by the group specifically for industrial use, the production of which uses biotechnology to deactivating the gene responsible for synthesising amylose - an undesirable component in operations such as paper manufacturing and paper coating. The Amflora potato, developed by BASF, which has been specifically designed to be used in the European potato starch industry.
Characteristics and storage conditions Product Line: CHAIN REX Type: Qualitative 100 determinations Store at: 2-8°C (35-46°F). Archived from the original PDF on After two decades of research efforts,  BASF’s biotechnologists amfoora genetic engineering succeeded in creating a potato, named “Amflora”, where the gene responsible for the synthesis of amylose had been turned off, thus the potato is unable to synthesize the less desirable amylose. In other words, the final rejection of the Amflora potato was based on national politics and interests and not on EFSA’s science based risk assessment. Amflora™: GM potato variety developed by BASF as a source of high-amylopectin starch for technical applications in the paper, textile and adhesives industries and approved for cultivation in the EU in 2010. approved “Amflora”, BASF's genetically optimized starch potato, for commercial application in Europe. More national bans on GM maize and potato In January 2013, the Polish government announced its ban of GM maize Mon810, as well as of the GM potato Amflora. The Amflora potato was approved for commercialization by the European Commission (EC) in March 2010 but withdrawn from production by BASF in January 2012. Amflora has been genetically modified in such a way that a gene is inhibited and therefore the chemical pathway to produce the starch Amylose is blocked.
Executive Summary: Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2009 - ISAAA Brief 42-2010 | ISAAA.org - 2010 is the fifteenth anniversary of the commercialization of biotech crops, first planted in 1996. This move runs counter to efforts by the European Commission to allow European farmers to grow GM crops. variety of potato, bringing the number of allowed crops to two but many individual states will still resist them. Approving the GM potato – Corporate Europe Observatory – November 2011 3 On 2 March 2010 John Dalli, in one of his first acts as Health Commissioner, gave the green light to BASF’s controversial genetically modified Amflora potato for commercial growing in Europe.
Potato or Genetically Modified Innate Amflora?
The Amflora potato has been locked in an approval process for 13 years, despite the European Food Safety Authority several times arguing it was safe to grow. It was approved for industrial applications in the European Union on 2 March 2010 by the European Commission. Until the 1990s, Europe's regulation was less strict than in the United States, one turning point being cited as the export of the United States' first GM-containing soy harvest in 1996. 1 Source: Annual monitoring report on the cultivation of MON 810 in 2012 in the EU submitted by Monsanto. Only one genetically modified (GM) product, the GM Amflora potato, has been specifically approved for commercial production in Sweden. confirmed that the Amflora potato did not present a risk to human health or to the environment. The application EFSA-GMO-UK-2005-14 includes a scientific risk assessment of potato EH92-527-1 and by-products of the starch processing for food and feed uses. Taking a different tack on April 27, Aigner resisted party pressure and permitted limited trials of the "Amflora" potato developed by BASF.
One of the main reasons that not more GM crops are authorised for cultivation is a regulatory gridlock with a recurring inability to reach a qualified majority in the designated committee for either approval or rejection. Nevertheless, the EFSA GMO Panel notes a number of weaknesses in the methodology for GS and therefore gives specific recommendations for improvement of the strategy, methodology and reporting for GS of potato EH92‐527‐1. The GM starch potato Amflora owned by BASF has been genetically modified to inhibit the production of one of the two starches naturally occurring in potatoes so that it contains more then 99% of amylopectin but very little amylosee. The Amflora potato is not suitable for human consumption, and is developed for the production of starch, a raw material for paper and animal feed. In the Andes, where the species is indigenous, there are some other closely related cultivated potato species.
It also plans to seek authorisation of two more genetically modified potatoes.
More than 21,000 articles disposable to our premium subscribers for a quick and professional investigation, are available here. 18 BASF Plant Science Better Varieties Through Breeding and Plant Biotechnology Classical breeding! The regulation of plant breeding is gaining increasing scrutiny, particularly as it pertains to the regulation of gene editing and other new breeding technologies. For improving the industrial application of potato, the amylose-less Amflora was genetically engineered to produce only amylopectin component in its starch. Goals of modification include introducing pest resistance, tweaking the amounts of certain chemicals produced by the plant, and to prevent browning or bruising of the tubers. AquaBounty Technologies is a biotechnology company based in Maynard, Massachusetts, United States.The company is notable for its research and development of genetically modified fish. A genetically engineered potato is a potato that has had its genes modified, using genetic engineering. During his political career John Dalli EU Commissioner has gained a reputation for doing the opposite of what he promises.
On March 2, the European Commission adopted two decisions concerning the Genetically Modified Amflora starch potato, a product of German company BASF. Adhering to European Union (EU) regulations, two types of corn are also approved for cultivation although no application or notification for production of GM corn has been received in Sweden. Since that time, the Commission has been very carefully and very seriously reflecting on the situation. The presence of the transgenic potato in the food on Romanian market should be verified although the Amflora potato uses for industrial purposes and animal feed.
The GMO Panel had given a positive opinion on Amflora despite its antibiotic resistance because of the "low usage" level of the antibiotics in question. Potato starch is not expensive and is sold at grocery stores, health stores and online.
The outcomes of the 2010 Amflora monitoring report do not invalidate the previous EFSA GMO Panel’s risk assessment conclusions on potato EH92-527-1. Throughout Asia, including in India and China, governments have yet to approve most GM crops, including an insect-resistant rice that produces higher yields with less pesticide.
amflora potato pdf Amflora potatoes, likely to become the first genetically modified crop in the last decade to be approved for growth in Europe, have become the. The Commission acted only after being forced to do so by the ECJ through a decision of September 2013, twelve and a half years after the application. The immature light was additionally given for a import as well as estimate of three further GM-maize lines. The Panel on Plant Health provides independent scientific advice on the risks posed by organisms which can cause harm to plants, plant products or plant biodiversity in the European Community. Potato plants are herbaceous perennials that grow about 60 cm (24 in) high, depending on variety, with the leaves dying back after flowering, fruiting and tuber formation.
Compositional analysis shows that the potato EH92-527-1 falls within expected patterns of variation for potato, except for the change in starch composition due to the genetic modification. A potato contains a lot of starch and other carbohydrates.Potato usually has a light-brown or yellowish skin and is white or yellow inside.If the potato gets light on it, the tuber turns green and will be poisonous. This shareable PDF can be hosted on any platform or network and is fully compliant with publisher copyright.
the insert, including the flanking region, was duplicated in reverse orientation and joined tail-to-tail. In addition, an authorization for the use of its by-products for animal feed was granted. Cultivation of conventional (non-GM) potatoes is prohibited for the season following cultivation of Amflora. Today the German minister for Agriculture Aigner announced that she would use the safety clauses in Article 20(3) of the German law on genetic engineering as well as Article 23 of the EU Directive 2001/18 on Deliberate Release to stop the cultivation of Monsanto's GM maize MON810. A ruling from the European Court of Justice today has annulled the decision to authorise the genetically modified potato Amflora from the company BASF because the European Commission "significantly failed to fulfil its procedural obligations".